Instruments for Researchers

The SCS is appropriate for ages 14 and up (8th grade reading level). See information sheet for permissions, scoring, reliability, translation guidelines, etc.

The SCS-SF has only 12 items and has a near-perfect correlation with the 26-item SCS when examining total scores. See information sheet for permissions, scoring, reliability, translation guidelines, etc.

For researchers interested in the experimental study of self-compassion, this mind state induction and control condition are consistent with Neff’s theoretical model.

The CS has the same general structure as the SCS and measures compassion for others. See information sheet for permissions, scoring, reliability, translation guidelines, etc.

This is an adapted version of the self-compassion scale designed for early adolescents ages 10-14. See information sheet for permissions, scoring, reliability, translation guidelines, etc.

These state self-compassion scales are designed for use in experimental settings. The 18-item SSCS-Long form can be used to assess the six components of self-compassion and the 6-item SSCS-Short form can be used to assess a global self-compassion score. See information sheet for permissions, scoring, reliability, translation guidelines, etc.

Relevant Articles

Neff, K. D. (2003). Development and validation of a scale to measure self-compassion. Self and Identity, 2, 223-250. PDF

Neff, K. D. (2020).  Let the empirical evidence speak on the Self-Compassion Scale.  Mindfulness, 11, 1900–1909.  PDF

Neff, K. D. (2022). The differential effects fallacy in the study of self-compassion: Misunderstanding the nature of bipolar continuums.  Mindfulness, 13, 572-576. PDF

Neff, K. D. (in press).  Self-Compassion: Theory, Method, Research, and Intervention.  Annual Review of Psychologyhttps://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-032420-031047  PDF

Neff, K. D., Bluth, K., Tóth-Király, I., Davidson, O., Knox, M. C., Williamson, Z., & Costigan, A. (2021). Development and validation of the Self-Compassion Scale for Youth. Journal of personality assessment103(1), 92-105. PDF

Neff, K. D. & Tóth-Király, I (2022). Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), In N. Oleg, O. N. Medvedev, C. U. Krägeloh, R. J. Siegert, & N. N. Singh (Eds.) Handbook of Assessment in Mindfulness. New York: Springer. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-77644-2_36-1 PDF

Neff, K. D., Tóth-Király, I., Knox, M. C., Kuchar, A., & Davidson, O. (2021). The Development and Validation of the State Self-Compassion Scale (Long-and Short Form).  Mindfulness,  12(1), 121-140. PDF

Neff, K. D., Tóth-Király, I., Yarnell, L., Arimitsu, K., Castilho, P., Ghorbani, N.,… Mantios, M. (2019).  Examining the Factor Structure of the Self-Compassion Scale using exploratory SEM bifactor analysis in 20 diverse samples: Support for use of a total score and six subscale scores. Psychological Assessment, 31 (1), 27-45. PDF

Pommier, E., Neff, K. D. & Tóth-Király I. (2019). The development and validation of the Compassion Scale.  Assessment, 21-39.  PDF

Raes, F., Pommier, E., Neff, K. D., & Van Gucht, D. (2011). Construction and factorial validation of a short form of the Self-Compassion Scale. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. 18, 250-255. PDF

Tóth-Király, I., & Neff, K. D. (2021). Is self-compassion universal? Support for the measurement invariance of the Self-Compassion Scale across populations. Assessment28(1), 169-185. PDF

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