Neff, K. D. (2003). Development and validation of a scale to measure self-compassion. Self and Identity, 2, 223-250. PDF
Neff, K. D. (2018). Setting the record straight about the Self-Compassion Scale. Mindfulness, 1-3. PDF
Neff, K. D., Tóth-Király, I., Yarnell, L., Arimitsu, K., Castilho, P., Ghorbani, N.,… Mantios, M. (2019). Examining the Factor Structure of the Self-Compassion Scale using exploratory SEM bifactor analysis in 20 diverse samples: Support for use of a total score and six subscale scores. Psychological Assessment, 31 (1), 27-45. PDF
Pommier, E., Neff, K. D. & Tóth-Király I. (2019). The development andvalidation of the Compassion Scale. Assessment, 1-19. DOI: 10.1177/1073191119874108. PDF
Raes, F., Pommier, E., Neff, K. D., & Van Gucht, D. (2011). Construction and factorial validation of a short form of the Self-Compassion Scale. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. 18, 250-255. PDF
Please feel free to use the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) for research or any other use. Graduate students have permission to use and publish the SCS in their theses. The SCS is appropriate for ages 14 and up (8th grade reading level). Translations of the scale should use recommendations made in Neff, Tóth-Király, et al. (2019).
Please feel free to use the Self-Compassion Scale – Short Form (SCS-SF) in your research (12 items instead of 26 items). The short scale has a near-perfect correlation with the long scale when examining total scores. We do not recommend using the short form if you are interested in subscale scores, since they’re less reliable with the short form.
Please feel free to use the Compassion Scale in your research. It has the same general structure as the SCS and measures compassion for others. Graduate students have permission to use and publish the SCS in their theses. Translations of the scale should use recommendations made in Neff, Tóth-Király, et al. (2019).